Political Leaders: 1860-1914

Who were the "movers and shakers" during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? When did that "territory" become a state? Read on!

U.S. Presidents

  • James Buchanan, 15th President, Democrat
    Lived: 1771-1868; In Office: 1857-1861
  • Abraham Lincoln, 16th President, Republican
    Lived: 1809-1865; In Office: 1861-1865 (shot in office)
  • Andrew Johnson, 17th President, Democrat
    Lived: 1808-1875; In Office: 1865-1869
  • Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President, Republican
    Lived: 1822-1885; In Office: 1869-1877
  • Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President, Republican
    Lived: 1822-1885; In Office: 1877-1881
  • James A. Garfield, 20th President, Republican
    Lived: 1831-1881; In Office: March 4 to September 19, 1881 (shot in office)
  • Chester A. Arthur, 21st President, Repubublican
    Lived: 1829-1886; In Office: 1881-1885
  • Grover Cleveland, 22nd President, Democrat
    Lived: 1837-1908; In Office: 1885-1889
  • Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President, Republican
    Lived: 1833-1901; In Office: 1889-1893
  • Grover Cleveland, 24th President, Democrat
    In Office: 1893-1897
  • William McKinley, 25th President, Republican
    Lived: 1843-1901; In Office: 1897-1901 (shot in office)
  • Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President, Republican
    Lived: 1858-1919; In Office: 1901-1909
  • William Howard Taft, 27th President, Republican
    Lived: 1857-1930; In Office: 1909-1913
  • Woodrow Wilson, 28th President, Democrat
    Lived: 1856-1924; In Office: 1913-1921

(For a fascinating glimpse into the lives and minds of U.S. presidents, see William A. DeGregorio's The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents: From George Washington to George W. Bush. 5th ed. New York: Gramercy, 2001.)

States Added to Union

  • 33rd Oregon 1859
  • 34th Kansas 1861
  • 35th West Virginia 1863
  • 36th Nevada 1864
  • 37th Nebraska 1867
  • 38th Colorado 1876
  • 39th North Dakota 1889
  • 40th South Dakota 1889
  • 41st Montana 1889
  • 42nd Washington 1889
  • 43rd Idaho 1890
  • 44th Wyoming 1890
  • 45th Utah 1896
  • 46th Oklahoma 1907
  • 47th New Mexico 1912
  • 48th Arizona 1912
  • 49th Alaska 1959
  • 50th Hawaii 1959

(To see how the U.S. flag changed—and changed and changed—during this period, visit http://www.usflag.org.)

Sovereigns and Prime Ministers of Britain

  • Alexandria Victoria
    Lived: 1819-1901; Ruled: 1837-1901
  • Edward VII
    Lived: 1841-1910; Ruled: 1901-10
  • George V
    Lived: 1865-1936; Ruled: 1910-1936
  • Henry John Temple, Liberal
    Lived: 1784-1865; In Office: 1859-1865 (died in office)
  • John Russell, Liberal
    Lived: 1792-1878; In Office: 1865-1866
  • Edward Smith-Stanley, Conservative
    Lived: 1799-1869; In Office: 1866-1868
  • Benjamin Disraeli, Conservative
    Lived: 1804-1881; In Office: 27 Feb 1868-1 Dec 1868
  • William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal
    Lived: 1809-1898; In Office: 3 Dec 1868-1874
  • Benjamin Disraeli, Conservative
    In Office: 1874-1880
  • William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal
    In Office: 1880-1885
  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Conservative
    Lived: 1830-1903; In Office: 1885-1886
  • William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal
    In Office: 1 Feb 1886-20 July 1886
  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Conservative
    In Office: 25 July 1886-1892
  • William Ewart Gladstone, Liberal
    In Office: 1892-1894
  • Archibald Philip Primrose, Liberal
    Lived: 1847-1929; In Office: 1894-1895
  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Conservative
    In Office: 1895-1902
  • Arthur James Balfour, Conservative
    Lived: 1848-1930; In Office: 1902-1905
  • Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Liberal
    Lived: 1836-1908; In Office: 1905-1908
  • H. H. Asquith, Liberal
    Lived: 1852-1928; In Office: 1908-1916

For more about the prime ministers, see Wikipedia's list of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom.